Pashmina Goat Cloned in Kashmir by the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry Sheri Kashmir University of Agriculture Sciences and Technology(SKUAST). They have thus made a breakthrough by bringing fame among the Kashmir scientists for the successful cloning implemented using an advanced reproductive technique under the leadership of the Associate Professor, Centre of Animal Biotechnology, Dr Riaz Ahmad Shah. This birth of a female kid was names as “Noori” meaning, Light in Arabic was born to a foster mother on March 9th, 2012. It could spark breeding programs across the region and mass production of the high-priced wool. This cloning technique will move a long way boosting the research in Kashmir. They have planned to estimate the quantity of pashmina yield from the clone at a lower altitude like Kashmir valley.
Shah and six other scientists used the relatively new handmade cloning technique involving only a microscope and a steady hand for the Pashmina Goat Cloned in Kashmir. Scientists hope her birth will help to grow the goat population. This will ensure for a good yield of cashmere wool, which is a major source of income for Kashmir, generating about $80 million a year. Experts say the numbers these goats are dwindling. In recent years, Kashmir has started importing cashmere from neighbouring China to keep up with orders for the region's hand-woven shawls. The reason for such lack of wool is due to the quality of the wool, as they have to live in harsh, windy climates to generate the soft undercoat, for which demand has always exceeded supply. Kashmir's goats are found in small populations in remote areas of the northwest border region of Ladakh.
A kind of fine, soft wool known as Pashmina is obtained from the fleece of the goat Capra hircus. These goats are found in parts of the Himalayas, the Tibetan plateau and upper reaches of Ladakh. This finest quality of wool, Pashmina is spun through a tedious manual process. Hence, the cloning of goat will be the conventional method which is the cheapest, easier and less time-consuming process that uses high-tech machinery and sometimes chemicals. These scientists have planned to spread this knowledge of this cloning across the Indian Himalayas so others can grow their own goats. A shawl made of this cashmere wool can cost $200 in Kashmir and much more when sold in abroad, thus Pashmina Goat Cloned in Kashmir is a boon to the Kashmiris.