With its varied topography, Indian sub-continent is a land full of unmatched wild treasures. The vast green canopy of India offers nature lovers some distinct forest reserves to peep into the world of untamed animals where "survival of fittest theory" is applicable.
Due to distinct climatic conditions and varied geographical features, India is the second largest country in the world which is blessed with distinctive flora and fauna. India has an endless array of 350 species of mammals, 1200 species of birds, and various species of reptiles, amphibians and plants. 441 wildlife sanctuaries and 80 national parks of India provides shelter to these wide range of animals. The Royal Bengal Tiger and Indian Elephants are available in almost in every region of India.
But due to illegal activities of anti-social elements and environmental reasons, some of the exotic wildlife species of our country are enlisted under the critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species categories. Of late, Indian government has realized the importance of these wild treasures and started taking concrete steps for the conservation and preservation of these wildlife. It has created some strict laws like Wild life protection act and many more to punish those people who are indulged in poaching, hunting etc.
Nowadays, Indian tourism industry has expanded its horizon in the field of wildlife tourism . It has prepared some wildlife packages for travellers to explore the various wild abode of animals present in India, keeping in view the rich wildlife legacy and comforts of itchy feet. Wildlife Tourism in India includes wildlife photography, birdwatching, jungle safari, elephant safari, jeep safari, jungle camping, Eco-tourism and many more exciting things. A wildlife trip to India will provide you an ample opportunities to indulge yourself in these exciting activities.
Wildlife Tourism Activities in India are:-
Jungle Safari: Jungle safari is one of the best option which provides abundant scope to travelers to explore and experience the virgin world of wild animals. Jungle safari will provide you excellent opportunities to view these untamed animals from a closest point. In a Jungle safari, you can even stays amid the nature's lap while enjoying the serene beauty of the jungles. Some of the wildlife sanctuaries which are famous for thrilling jungle safari are Jim Corbett National Park, Sunderban National Park and etc.
Elephant Safari: Elephant safari is another major attraction of the wildlife tourism activity in India. Elephants acts as the ideal vehicles to traverse through long grasses and marshlands of the vast jungles available in India where jeeps can't reach. The best elephant safari wildlife parks in India are Kaziranga National Park, Manas Tiger Reserve to view especially One-horned Rhinoceros and the Royal Bengal Tigers respectively. Even Periyar National Park is a great site for elephants safari as elephants are abundant here.
Tiger Safari: In the year 1973, the then Indian government has launched the Project Tiger to safeguard and increase the population of the Indian Tigers in the various wildlife sanctuaries of India. Indian government has created some special habitat to conserve Tigers. Tiger safari in their habitat will give you ample of opportunities to behold the beauty of these magnificent big cats. Some of the most popular national parks in India which are ideal for Tiger safari are Bandhavgarh National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Panna National Park etc.
Bird watching: Indian sky is filled with various colorful birds among which some are residential and some are migratory birds. Bird watching is also a significant part of wildlife tourism in India. India has all total of 1200 species of birds which resides in various bird sanctuaries namely the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary and the Vembanad Bird Sanctuary. These sanctuaries are ideal destinations for the ornithologists and bird watchers. Here, you can spend some leisurely hours listening to chirping of birds
Wildlife Photography: Indian wildlife sanctuaries are delight for the wildlife photographers. Every Indian national park and wildlife sanctuaries has something or other to offer these photographers. Wildlife photography is an art in itself and to perform this you must have the quest for innovative exploration of these wild animals in their natural habitat. Even a novice can indulge himself in wildife imaging. Some of the best wildlife photography zones in India from where you can capture the memories are Gir National Park, the famous Wild Ass Sanctuary in Gujurat etc.
Eco-tourism: Last but not the least is Eco-tourism which is the latest addition to the wildlife tourism in India. It is a very new concept which is still in its infancy. But, with the gradual passage of time, India will surely emerge as an excellent Eco-tourism destination in the world's tourism map. The main ideology of Eco-tourism is tourism in exotic destinations without hampering the distinct flora and fauna of the region. Eco-tourism provides traveler an awesome opportunity to spend a small sojourn in harmony with nature.